Xubuntu is an elegant and easy-to-use operating system. Xubuntu comes with Xfce, which is a stable, light and configurable desktop environment.
It is perfect for those who want to make the most of their desktops, laptops and netbooks, featuring a modern look and enough features for efficient, daily usage. It works well on older hardware too,
Xubuntu is a community-developed, Ubuntu-based Linux operating system.
Linux was brought to life in 1991 by a Finnish student named Linus Torvalds. The Linux kernel is the heart of the Xubuntu operating system. A kernel is an important part of any operating system, providing the communication bridge between hardware and software. Read more about Linux at the Linux kernel website.
And with the below steps we are going to learn how to install it, but before that make sure that you download the latest Xubuntu ISO file.
Step 1 : Once you have downloaded the ISO file and burn it on a boo-table USB or Disc, launching the boot process you will face the screen which you can select your language of the installation from it, and you can choose if you want to run Xubuntu as a DEMO, or you want to install it, sure we will install it so click “Install Xubuntu”
Step 2: Make sure to check “Install Third party software for graphics and Wi-Fi hardware…etc”, and click Continue
Step 3: On this Step the installation process will give you many options for creating partitions or erase the whole disk, i prefer to choose the option “Something else”, that’s to keep our data save and proceed the installation on a isolated partition, and then we press Continue
Step 4: Once in partitioning tool, select hard drive where You want to install Linux and click new partition table
Confirm the creation of the new table
Then we click on the (+) icon to add a new partition
-Boot loader like GRUB or LILO is a program that installs it’s instructions in MBR of a hard drive and loads operating system if needed. Once Operating system is started, bootloader gives control to the OS. Althought bootloader doesn’t have to be installed on a saparate partition, because of securitiy and recovery, the best practice is to creat a new separate partition for it. 150Mb is more than enough.
-(Swap area is a virtual memory implementation on Operating System. It is an extension of the main RAM memory which is reserved on a hard drive in case RAM memory needs more space. Generaly, the rule is to assign 3 x main memory space to swap. For example, if system have 512Mb of RAM or main memory, 1535 Megabytes should be assigned to swap.)
Select free space and “Add new partition” for creating Swap area:
(Every Linux system must have “/” or “root” partition. there is must be a partition where Operating system installs itself.
Select free space and “Add new partition” for creating root partition, and select as the image below
Once the partitions are created, select device for “boot-loader” installation and click Install Now
The installations will prompt with your changes, just make sure of it and click “Continue”
Step 5: Select your time-zone
Step 6: Select your Key-board language input
Step 7: On this step you need to provide the details of the owner and the computer also and it’s up to you
Once you click “Continue“, the installation process will start
After the installation is done, it will prompt that the machine needs to restart, click “Restart Now”
Once the restart is done and the machine boot up again, the ubuntu will open and asks you for the password you had set before
Exploring the Xubuntu (LinuxOS)