Install ownCloud on Raspberry pi 4

Our goal is to install the latest version of ownCloud on the Raspberry pi 4. This tutorial assumes that you have a fully functional Raspberry pi 4 with Raspbian and a 8 GB Micro SD card Minimum!.

If you haven’t installed Raspbian then check out my guide on How to install Raspbian via NOOBS.

There are many ways to install ownCloud onto a Raspberry Pi. This particular tutorial I’ll be installing the latest version of ownCloud:

If you don’t have a Raspberry PI, I would personally recommend buying the Raspberry pi-4 Starter kit.

Video Tutorial:

Setting up Raspberry Pi for ownCloud Server

1. Turn on the Raspberry Pi. From the terminal or SSH enter the following command:

sudo raspi-config

The following changes needs to be made in the Raspberry Pi configuration:

A. Change user password
For Security when accessing form the WAN

B. Change locale to en_US.UTF8
Select “Localisation Options” –> “Change Locale

Then Finish, and auto reboot. Upon re-boot you would need to update the RPI and its packages.

Update the Raspberry Pi and its packages

sudo su
apt update && apt upgrade

Install Apache 2 and SQLite

sudo apt-get install apache2 sqlite
sudo service apache2 restart

Install PHP

sudo apt-get install php php-gd php-sqlite3 php-curl libapache2-mod-php

Install SMB Client

sudo apt-get install smbclient

PHP extensions needed to use ownCloud

sudo apt-get install php-mysql php-mbstring php-gettext php-intl php-redis php-imagick php-igbinary php-gmp php-curl php-gd php-zip php-imap php-ldap php-bz2 php-phpseclib php-xml

Register ownCloud trusted key

wget -nv -O Release.key
sudo apt-key add - < Release.key

Add the official ownCloud package repository to Raspbian

echo 'deb /' > /etc/apt/sources.list.d/owncloud.list
apt-get update

Enable the Apache mod_rewrite module

sudo a2enmod rewrite

Install Maria Database

sudo apt install mariadb-server mariadb-client

Configure the database and user:

mysql -u root -p

You’ll be prompted to enter the Pi User password. Then execute the underneath commands in blue:

MariaDB [(none)]> create database owncloud;
 Query OK, 1 row affected (0.00 sec)

MariaDB [(none)]> create user owncloud@localhost identified by '12345';
 Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)

MariaDB [(none)]> grant all privileges on owncloud.* to owncloud@localhost identified by '12345';
 Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)

MariaDB [(none)]> flush privileges;
 Query OK, 0 rows affected (0.00 sec)

MariaDB [(none)]> exit;

Install ownCloud

sudo apt install owncloud-files

Configure Apache

Edit the Apache default site configuration file

sudo nano /etc/apache2/sites-enabled/000-default.conf

Change DocumentRoot /var/www/html to DocumentRoot /var/www/owncloud

Then save and exit

Restart apache:

sudo systemctl restart apache2

Edit fstab:

Also we meed to get the PARTUUID of the attached hard drive ending with -01 so the Pi can remember this drive.

To find the PARTUUID:

sudo blkid

Here you’ll find the PARTUUID ending with -01

Edit fstab:

sudo nano /etc/fstab

In my case the following line is added:

PARTUUID=424a1e9f-01 /media/data ext4 defaults,noatime 0 2

Then save and exit

Create data directory for ownCloud

mkdir /media/data/owncloud

Change owner and group permissions to www-data

sudo chown www-data:www-data -R /media/data/owncloud

Basic First Access Setup

Get the IP from the Raspberry pi


1. Open your browser and enter the IP address provided, in my case is you’ll be directed to your ownCloud storage server.

2. You should be presented with a simple setup screen, Here create a username and password to create an admin account.

3. Click on Storage & database drop-down and enter your external hard drive directory: /media/data/owncloud

4. Immediately underneath enter your Mariadb details as follow:

Username: owncloud
Password: 12345
Database: owncloud
Server: localhost

5. Click on ‘Finish Setup’ button. That’s it. We’re good to go. Owncloud 10 installed on Raspbian Stretch is now ready for use.

Done! !! all is left is to configure your devices to access your ownCloud storage.

External Access

To allow devices like your phone or tablet to access your cloud from anywhere in the world with internet access you must Enable SSL then enable port forward.

1. Enable SSL

2. Continue with this tutorial


sudo nano /etc/apache2/sites-available/default-ssl.conf

Set the path to owncloud: DocumentRoot /var/www/owncloud

Re-Activate the new virtual host

sudo a2ensite default-ssl

Restart apache

sudo service apache2 restart

Port Forward

Log into your router and get the WAN IP address:

Or Google what is my IP address?


Now we need to add the WAN IP to your trusted IP list and not to be overwritten by ownCloud. To do this open the Owncloud config file, enter:

sudo nano /var/www/owncloud/config/config.php

Here add the WAN IP (External IP address) you just got from the router or Google to the trusted domains array. Your new entry should look something like this:

1 => '',

X are just placeholders. Replace the X’s with the WAN IP Address.

Now update the URL of the overwrite.cli.url line with your WAN IP Address. It should look something like this:

'overwrite.cli.url' => '',

Here is an example of the completed config.txt file.

Once done save and exit the the config.php.

Log into your router and navigate to the port forward section.

Port forward SSL port 443 to the Raspberry pi internal IP (LAN IP)  address and save settings.

Your RPI ownCloud is ready to be accessed externally (WAN) and from your devices just download the ownCloud App and enter: “https:// WAN IP Address” on the address bar or devices. below is an example:


Install Redis Memory Caching

apt install redis-server php-redis

Edit config.php:

sudo nano /var/www/owncloud/config/config.php

add the following:

'memcache.locking' => '\OC\Memcache\Redis',
'memcache.local' => '\OC\Memcache\Redis',
'filelocking.enabled' => 'true',
'redis' => array (
'host' => 'localhost',`
'port' => 0,`

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